Random Musings-Part 8-God-Very Far, Very Near
तदेजति तन्नेजति तद्दूरे तद्वन्तिके | तदन्तरस्य सर्वस्य तदू सर्वस्यास्य बाह्यतः||
Meaning- That (Brahman/God) is in Universal Movement, (yet) it is not in Universal Movement. That is very far, (yet) it is very near (as it is the innermost self of everything). It is inside of everything (in the manifested Universe) and also outside of everything (i,e beyond the manifested universe).
I will only explain the ‘Far, Near’ aspect. There are two explanations.
The simple explanation-, A person who perceives God to be outside of oneself, or may be in the nature, or in some heaven etc to whom it is difficult to reach, such a person perceives God to be very far. On the other hand, a person who realizes that God is the Inner-most Self, the Atman of everything and hence finds him very near, as his own Atman.
In depth explanation- There are two realities, or two state of perception of universe. The conditioned state called “Vyavaharika Dasha’, in which most people perceive the universe to be of names and forms, to be containing many multiplicities. Then, the Absolute unconditioned state called “Paramartika State’, the state of Jnana, where only God/Brahman is perceived. The first is a state of duality and multiplicity and second is a Non-dual state.
The person who is in Vyavaharika state, he perceives only the physical Universe, having bounded in Avidya (Ignorance), he does not perceive God to be the substratum of the whole Universe. He does not realize that, it is God alone who inhabits everything. It is God alone who exists. Behind all the names and forms, God alone is present. Hence, he finds God/Brahman to be very far from him.
On the other hand, a person who has attained Jnana, the Jivan Mukta, perceives God alone. He perceives his Innermost Self everywhere. He perceives God as his innermost Atman as also the Atman of everything else. Hence, for such a person God is very near as he Knows that He is present everywhere.