Random Musings- Part 10- Gayatri Mantra- a prayer to Hiranyagarbha
- Auṃ bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ tát savitúr váreṇ(i)yaṃ bhárgo devásya dhīmahi dhíyo yó naḥ pracodáyāt ||
- Word to Word Meaning: Aum, the gross Universe (Bhur), the subtle universes (Bhuvah, Svah); That (tat) Sun (savitur) excellent (varenyam) radiance bhargo() god (devasya) we may attain/meditate (dhimahi) our mind and thoughts (dhiyo) who guides (yo nah prachodayat).
- Meaning: We meditate on the excellent radiance of Sun (i.e. Satya Brahman/Hiranyagarbha who exists as Sun; we meditate on him,so as to attain him), who creates the gross and the subtle Universes and inhabits them and who directs our mind and thoughts (towards him).
The Gayatri Mantra is one of the most beautiful and profound Mantras. The attachment of the three Vyahritis (Bhu, Bhuvah and Svah) is very significant as it, explains the real significance of the nature of God/aspect of God being worshiped.
The Bhu-loka refers to Gross/Physical Universe. The Bhuva and Suvar Lokas are Subtle Universes. In Hindu Cosmology, there are 7 Lokas. The Lowest three- Bhu, Bhuvah, Svah refer to Gross and Subtle Universes.There belong to Karya Brahman(The Manifested Universe) The Highest three Lokas- Janah, Tapah and Sat loka are under Karana Brahman (the Unmanifested Prakriti, the Source). Then, the Mahat Loka that connects the 3 higher lokas with 3 lower lokas. Hiranyagarba or First born is called as Mahat and he exists in Mahat-Loka. Hiranyagarba is also called as Karya Brahman or Satya Brahman. He is called as first born because from the Unmanifested Prakriti, it is Hiranyagarbha who is born first. And from him all the subtle and gross universes are born. Hence, Hiranyagarba/Satya Brahman is described in Brihdaranyaka Upanishad as having the 3 Vyahritis-Bhu, Bhuva and Svah as his Limbs. Further, the Brihdaranyaka Upanishad and Isa Upanishad Identifies Satya Brahman/Hiranyagara as the “Purusha/Person” who is in the Surya Mandal, who exists as the Solar Deity i.e. Surya/Pushan.
With this, background, the Gayatri Mantra should be understood as the Prayer to the Hiranyagarba/Satya Brahman/Mahat who exists as the Solar Deity (Savitr)and who creates the subtle and gross Universes.
The Word “Dhimahi” may mean “Meditate” or “To Attain”. Both are same, as Isha Upanishad explains, one attains Hiranyagarba by performing Devata Upasana (Meditation) of the Hiranyagarba who exists as the Sun.
Hence, a person who wishes to travel the Devayana-Northern Path after death and attain Hiranyagarbha, is worshiping the Hiranyagarbha who exists as the Savitr-the Solar Deity and requesting the Solar deity to direct his Mind i.e. lead his Subtle body towards Hiranyagarbha/Mahat.
So, the use of 3 Vyahritis explain beyond doubt that the Gayatri Mantra is not just a prayer to the Physical Sun, but instead a prayer to Hiranyagarba/Satya Brahman who manifests as the Sun in the Gross Universe and in the right eye in an Individual’s Gross body, who further exists as the Intuition/Divine Light behind every thoughts and hence, guide a person to shed the Limitations of the gross and subtle bodies and attain Him (i.e. Attain Hiranyagarba).