Random Musings-Part 12- A+Dvaita
Advaita is “a+dvaita” i.e. “Not- Dual”. What does Duality represent here? The duality of subject and object, which is the basis for this Universe of name and form is the “Dvaita” that is referred here.
The birth of this Universe is caused, when Brahman through his power of Maya imagines himself to be the enjoyer, the subject. This is the state of “Sushupti” (deep sleep) also called as “Karana Brahman” or Mula-Prakriti that is the cause of the whole universe. And from this, Karana Brahman, the Karya Brahman i.e. the Universe-subtle and the gross is born. The gross Universe represents the Jagrata/waking state and the subtle Universe represents Svapna/dreaming state. These gross and subtle Universes together are objects that Brahman enjoys.
Hence, Advaita refers to absence of the 3 states, the absence of duality, in other words the absense of Srishti/Jagat. Brahman is called as “Advaitam” because, from stand point of Brahman, It alone exist. There is neither creation, nor dissolution, nor bondage, nor liberation. The whole creation is “Kalpanika/Imaginary” that he accomplishes by his Maya-Shakti.