Random Musings-Part 26-A Ring and a Necklace
A golden ring is different from golden necklace. And they both are different from golden ear-rings. The difference is owing to their different form and usage. As long as a person perceives the outer forms alone, he will keep differentiating between the ring and a necklace. For some such people, a necklace appears more beautiful/attractive than a ring and for some others the ear-rings are more appealing. And two such people may start quarreling about which is more beautiful- the ring, earring or the necklace. To stop such a quarrel, a wise person then has to advice them that, the real nature/svaroopa of both necklace and ring is that both are “Gold” itself without any forms or shapes. That the various forms are only external and momentary and in reality they are just Gold without any forms. The moment, a person understands that a ring and a necklace are but in reality Gold itself, then, the difference between golden ring and golden necklace ceases to exist as he will understand that Gold which is without shape or form alone exist and it can be further molded into infinite number of shapes and forms.
Similarly, for a person who perceives various names and forms, it is first taught that, various names and forms are only external and momentary and hence limited. The real swaroopa of all names and forms are one Underlying Reality which is without name and without form. As long as a person clings to a particular form, a particular deity it would be but a partial aspect of the Infinite. The moment, a person perceives the one Reality which is without any limitations of name and form, then he would also realize that, that this Reality is the source and abode of infinite number of names and forms.
In other words, as long as a person is in Samsara bound by ignorance, he perceives various devatas representing various aspects i.e. he perceives Saguna Brahman. To him it is taught that the real Swaroopa of Brahman is Nirguna different from the Saguna Brahman. But, the moment, one reaches Nirguna Brahman, any distinction between Saguna and Nirguna ceases to exist. One will Realise that, same Brahman whose Swaroopa is Nirguna also appears as Saguna. That is, what was first taught as Transcendent, on attaining it, it is realized to be both Transcendent and Immanent Truth.
Hence, Saguna and Nirguna are mere words referring to same Brahman in his Conditioned and Unconditioned aspect. This distinction exist only as long as one perceives duality. The moment one attains Nirguna Brahman, the distinction ceases o exist and it is understood that Brahman alone exist.