Random Musings-Part 28- Paroksha and Aparosksha Jnana

Nithin Sridhar

1. When it is said that to attain Moksha, one must lose one’s Individuality, it does not necessarily mean one will discard one’s body.

2. It simply means, that one will discard the notion that body is an independent entity different from Brahman.

3. This Realization first hand (Aparoksha Jnana) that Self/Atman alone exist and the whole world is non-different from Atman is Moksha.

4. The difference between jivanmukta and videhamukta is perceived only by the people of world and not by a Jnani himself.

5. Jnani perceives Self alone. Body or no Body makes no difference to him as he perceives no body as separate from Self.

6. Knowing that God/Brahman is the substratum of Universe who is birthless, eternal and unchanging is Indirect Knowledge/Paroksha Jnana.

7. Direct Realization of Brahman as the Very Self/Atman is Aparoksha Jnana/Direct Knowledge.

8. Any perception of God as separate from Self is a perception of an object and hence retains duality.

9. God can be perceived in such a way as various forms, sound or light. He may be perceived in any of the Koshas.

10. In Annamaya Kosha,God is the Anna/Gross, in Pranamaya Kosha, he is perceived as life force,in Manomaya & Vignana Koshas he is perceived as the mind & Intellect.

11. He is further perceived as Virat, Hiranyagarba or Ishwara or as Kshara and Akshara Brahman.

12. One perceives God successively as Breath,Thoughts,Intellect & Bliss in Meditation.

13. But all such perceptions are “Indirect” as there is a subject separate than object perceived. And hence, they all are Paroksha Jnana.

14. Only direct realization of the Innermost Self devoid of any modifications of mind as light, form, bliss, breath etc is Aparoksha Jnana.

15. On attaining Atman devoid of any modifications, one realizes that what was understood previously as God/Brahman is verily the Atman.

16. This direct realization/Aparoksha Jnana constitutes the statement “Aham Brahmasmi”.

17. Aham is not the Ego-I, but the pure Self, the subject that exists in its natural state without any objects. Aham is substratum of Jiva.

18. Brahma is the God who is pure, Birthless and without any modifications brought about by Maya forms the substratum of the Universe.

19. All the philosophies are aimed at explaining the relationship between this Jiva and Brahmaa.

20. But, all the apparent conflicts resolves itself when one attains Direct Realization. For a Jnani perceives Atman alone.


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