Isha Upanishad-3- The meaning of tyakta/tyaaga
1. In the previous post, I mentioned about the first mantra of Isha Upanishad that declares “God Inhabits/covers here whatever is in Universe”
2.The 2nd line of the mantra says- tena tyaktena bunjitaha- “renounce them & enjoy”
3.The question is- What should one renounce and what should one enjoy?
4.The term Tyakta means renunciation. It refers to renunciation of desires &attachments, of sense of doership & of false identifications.
5. The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad speaks about 3 kinds of desires- for progeny, for wealth & for attaining worlds.
6. Without renouncing desires one cannot overcome attachments to worldly objects.
7. With renunciation of desires & attachment comes Vairagyam-dispassion.
8. Dispassion leads to renouncing of fruits of action & the sense of doer-ship of action.
9. With the fall of doer-ship of actons, the false identification of the Self/Atman with the body & mind begins to fall.
10.One will realize that the body & mind are nothing but super-impositions of Non-Self entities on Real-Self/Atman that exists in Hrdaya.
11. By the renunciation of false identification with body & mind, one gets established in Hrdaya- the seat of Atman.
12. Ananda or Bliss is the very nature of Atman. Hence, by attaining Hrdaya, one attains Anandam.
13. Hence, IshaUpanishad is saying that, by renouncing false-identifications, one must enjoy the bliss in being established in Atman.
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